What is the National Firearms Act?
The National Firearms Act, 72nd Congress, Session of Parliament, Sess. 2, ch. 759, enacted on June 25, 1934, is a statutory law that, among other things, authorizes the manufacture, transfer and transportation of firearms. It also requires the registration of all handguns and rifles. Among its other provisions, it establishes the Federal Firearms License (FFL) and gives licensees the right to buy, sell and possess firearms. The National Firearms Act also includes sections addressing the purchasing and selling of antique firearms and magazines and requires those who already own guns to register them.
There are many debates on both sides of the question on what is the national firearms act. There are those who feel that the act itself is too restrictive and gun control advocates claim that it does not go far enough. On the political front, President Obama has promised that he will take steps to restore the balance between gun rights and gun control. At this point of time, however, much remains to be done to remedy the discrepancies in the two positions.
The main concern is with regulating interstate commerce in firearms. Though the federal government is allowed to regulate interstate trade in a few restricted areas like alcohol and tobacco, the power is not fully abused by some states to impede local regulation of firearms activity within their states. For instance, in Texas, any citizen can legally transport weapons between states. But in other states, including California, a person can only legally transport handguns between states. Though the Supreme Court has ruled that a” handgun” is any weapon “which may be altered thereby, or designed so as to be effective without a fixed arm,” the regulation falls short of the Second Amendment guarantee of an individual right to keep and bear arms.
Since the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution gives citizens the right to keep and bear arms, the federal government has authority under the Fifth Amendment to limit constitutional protection to the right of the citizens. That includes the right to possess a firearm at any place or instance. The U.S. Supreme Court has repeatedly upheld that right. However, there is a big difference between keeping arms for self-defense and owning a firearm for hunting or any other purposes. While both are critical rights, the Second Amendment gives individuals the option to keep arms for their own use when they feel threatened, but it does not give them the right to carry arms around on their person at all times. That is where the question of what is the national firearms act comes into play.
The Federal Firearms Act regulates interstate commerce in firearms between states. It was originally passed in regulated interstate commerce as a component of the encouragement for the states to combat against crime. The Firearms Act regulates both the manufacturer and the seller of handguns, except for registered antique firearms. It requires all licensed firearms dealers to obtain a license from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms before selling a firearm to any customer. To get a license, an individual has to meet a number of criteria that includes age, income, and residence.
As you can see, it is crucial to understand what is the national firearms act and how it affects you as a gun owner. If you would like more information regarding the firearm regulations in your state, I recommend you research the laws of your state and contact your local representatives. They should be able to provide you with the information you need. Keep in mind that the new changes to the federal law may affect your state law. It is best to research all the ramifications of the new federal law, before you make any plans to purchase a firearm.