When considering which firearm is right for you, knowing the answer to the question of “How will a firearm affect my maximum projectile range?” can be crucial. If you are a target shooter, you probably already know this, but if you are just looking at hunting and want to get as much distance as possible from your shot, you need to know this as well. This is one of those questions that can really help you out when you are evaluating which firearm is right for you. Just as with anything else, there are advantages and disadvantages associated with every aspect of gun shooting, ranging from choosing a rifle with the right capacity to where you should shoot depending on whether or not wind conditions play a significant role in determining the range of your shot. Here, we will take a look at three factors that directly affect your ability to shoot a firearm long distance.
Impact velocity is actually a combination of three things that affect your bullet’s path through the air and which will ultimately affect your accuracy. The first part of the impact velocity is the velocity of the bullet itself. In essence, this is a measurement of how fast the bullet is going through the air, and it is expressed as a speed number. You will find that the higher the speed number, the faster the bullet will go.
The second part of the impact velocity is the time it takes for the bullet to reach the apex or peak of its flight. This is often referred to as terminal velocity. The last part of the impact velocity is what many people would term the wind. This refers to the speed at which the bullet will travel after it leaves the barrel of the firearm. Having the right wind conditions, will tremendously affect how far the bullet will travel.
As you might expect, there are a few different ways that wind affects the velocity of a firearm. One way is by causing turbulence in the surrounding air. In turn, this creates a wake behind the firearm. Widespread wakes can propel bullets out of their intended target, greatly decreasing the accuracy of the firearm. Another way in which wind can affect a firearm is by affecting the trajectory of the bullet. When wind slows down a bullet, it begins to curve downward, greatly decreasing the overall distance that the bullet will go.
While we are discussing wind, it is important to mention another factor that has a significant impact on a firearm’s wind speed and performance: the bore size of the bullet. The diameter of a firearm bore is important because it effects how much wind resistance is generated. A larger bore will generate less wind resistance, which will in turn decrease the velocity of the bullet. As with impact velocity, the amount of wind resistance is dependent upon the bore size and what is known as an effective “profile”.
So, as you can see, there are many different variables that come into play when determining which factor has a significant impact on a firearms maximum range. This being said, it should be noted that all of these variables are extremely important and should be taken into consideration. However, it is also important to realize that it will not be any one factor that determines your accuracy or shooting power. As with anything, it is a complex matter that incorporates many factors. So, good luck in your quest to determine the which factor has a significant impact on a firearms maximum range!